In the last decade, development of autonomous robots and vehicles has received significant attention. With the advancement of control algorithms and artificial intelligence, ability of vehicles to complete their tasks autonomously, without any human interaction, is increasing. As self-driving vehicles on the road, penetration of smart line-following autonomous robots with communication capabilities is increasing in the framework of Industry 4.0. AGV systems provide a cheap, flexible solution for material handling in factories, even for significant distances. Due to the spread IoT (Internet of Things) solutions, coordination of AGV systems and manufacturing machines became possible, making factories smarter and more efficient.
The thesis presents the development of a small-scale AGV model. The theoretical background of sensing, the selected sensor module and its characteristics are explained. An embedded electronic system is designed, integrating the power supply, sensors, motor driver circuitry, and wireless communication. The mobile robot is manufactured as a compact sized, 3D printed unit. The on-board control system is responsible for path-following and provides wireless communication capabilities between the platform and a supervisory control unit.