Nowadays, the opening of the power sector market has an effect that the consumers can decide for themselves whom they will buy the electrical energy. Another consequence of this opening’s development is the universal services which has replaced the public utilities. As the authority has a minimal role in the prices of the competitive market, the cost of the energy sold by the universal services is determined by the authority. The consumers also need to pay a system use charges because of using the system, as the electrical energy have to be sent from the producer to the consumer. Not only the residential but each and every consumer pays these fees which are also defined by the authorities.
In my thesis I describe the price regulation method of the power bought within the framework of universal services. I expound the combination of the transmission and operation charge, the charge for ancillary services and the distribution charge, all together the system using tariffs. I also write about the Hungarian practice of their determination before 2012.
Then, I analyse the change of the current values of the system use charges between 2012 and 2015. I scan the change and combinations of the proceeds come to the network companies, too. I separately analyse the proceeds from the distribution charges.
Finally, I write about the main changes which have diminished the end-user prices of the residential consumers.