Design of the electric network for residental and apartman buildings

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Dr. Iváncsy Tamás
Department of Electric Power Engineering

When we dream alone it is only a dream, but when many dream together it is the beginning of a new reality. (Friedensreich Hundertwasser)

The above quotation summarises well the everyday experiences of designers in different disciplines: constructing a new building needs a high level of professional knowledge and also clear communication and effective collaboration between the disciplines. In this way, not only a new building is born, but a dream comes true, which will mean home, workplace, or even entertainment to many.

When choosing the subject of this thesis work, several aspects lead to the new building being designed. Already during my Bachelor’s studies, I showed interest for Electrical Power Engineering. In the course of my Master’s studies, it became clear that Electric Design is the field which impresses me and constantly poses new creative challenges. I have already worked in Hungary as well as in Germany for engineering offices where I took part in numerous projects and thereby I gained a great deal of knowledge and practical experience. My primary goal was to top off my previous works by showing my designing abilities within a greater project.

Besides Electric Design, I am interested in many other fields, especially Arts and Architecture. The plans of the building to be designed in the framework of this Thesis were originally created by Péter Basa and Gergely Fernezelyi in 2009. Their dream was an extraordinary building, with lots of green surfaces, just like a liana forest. The tragedy of fate is that one of the designers, Péter Basa, died young in December 2009. After his death, the plans of the building were modified often for many different reasons, so the “Green Facade” concept disappeared. The building will not be constructed based on the original plans: in this Thesis, a building with a simplified clean look is presented, in which the playfulness of the plants is replaced by precise shapes, balance, and harmony.

The planning process is embedded in an engineering office environment. The individual steps will be presented, i.e. how a project develops from the initial information exchange to the final construction plans. For each design unit, the referenced standards are named and briefly presented. The individual steps are reviewed and occasionally, alternative solutions are discussed. I would like to also add practical hints: my aim was to see the plans from both the contractors’ and technicians’ point of view.

Since the building is a large complex, a key point is the safety of the people in the building. Special attention was given to the calculations for electric shock protection, as well as lightning- and overvoltage protection. The design of escape routes and appropriate emergency lighting is also a top priority.

It could be thought that the planning of an electric network is a routine task (e.g. power cables, distribution boards, main supply), but in practice, the world of Engineering always poses challenges.

This Thesis shows what happens when we go beyond standards and functionality where Arts and Aesthetics gain ground, i.e. how to design the lighting of the building.


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