The constantly appearing new technologies in the telecommunications can be used in many areas of our life every day. Decades ago unthinkable opportunities opened up both in work and free time. However the high level technological development have did not count consequences with the used network.
One of the significant question is to ensure the scalability of the network, the optimal topological allocation of the network elements. The current solutions use centralized and hierarchical approach. However it is possible a distributed architecture would be more suitable. During the designing lots of constraint should be kept in mind to achieve this goal. For example the flow should be carried in less expensive routes which is point to the direction of distribution however this affect the cost of the gateways and links.
In my thesis I reviewed what changes should be expected in the mobile transmission and core network as well as I introduce the new technological solutions. The new technologies intend to result in better and more dynamic resource solutions to achieve the insurance of the end-end user quality for wide range of IP traffic.
A very important issue in the network and traffic management area to make the network able to plan an alternative route between the end points. The knowledge of lots of different routes can be the base for network sizing, loading distribution or network restitution.
In my work I focused on algorithms wherewith in distributed and virtual network environment shortest paths can be designed with the existing K-shortest path algortithms in the literature.