Support schemes of renewable generation in Europe

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Dr. Divényi Dániel Péter
Department of Electric Power Engineering

The formulation of the EU’s energy policy has begun in 2006 but a decisive boost has been observed since 2007. In this essay, are presented a special part of this process, furthermore a great emphasis is placed on the possibilities provided by the renewable energy sources and on the target for the increased share of these sources of energy.

In early 2007, a study concerning the unified energy policy was introduced by European Commission, in which the long-term vision for promoting the renewable energies has been sum up. The European Council of March 2007 reaffirmed this commitment to achieving a 20% share of renewable energy in the EU’s total energy consumption by 2020 including 10 % target for renewable transport fuels.

The European Union has raised an expectation for a 13% proportion of renewable energies by 2020 in Hungary, thus it can be concluded that energy efficiency and the augmentation of the share of renewable energy sources also form an important part of Hungarian energy policy.

Hereafter, this thesis presents the necessity of state incentives for using renewable energies in order to meet EU’s requirements. In addition, the methods and opportunities encouraging the increase of the share of renewable energies are also reviewed. Then, well-known European production support schemes, methods and assets of the Member States are described followed by the analysis and the evaluation of their efficiencies.

Moreover, the actual Hungarian feed-in-tariff system is shown, as well as its past, recent changes, future visions and alternatives are discussed. On top of that, the increasingly important role of support schemes is introduced and I refer to the possibilites enabled by the renewable energy-base of Hungary.


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