Smart grids have recently attracted a lot of attention because they are seen as the building block of future sustainable networks. In order to achieve sustainable large-scale grids, we have to properly build them up from the micro level and focus on different characteristics of the integrated technologies such as energy storage and their optimal sizing a. In addition, we need to learn about various layouts of microgrids and learn about the advantages and limitations of each
of these layouts in order to select the proper microgrid architecture since it is a critical issue that must be done carefully since it can seriously affect the economic viability of the project. Thus, for designers, it is very important to have a good knowledge about the strong and the weak points of the different topologies and layouts and architectures of microgrids.
Power electronic interfaces are also important because no microgrid can be operated and properly controlled without these interfaces. This study focuses on the operation and control aspects of microgrids through showing a different categorization of energy storage technologies. In addition, a battery storage system model integrated into a microgrid will be analyzed to investigate the impact of different characteristics of the energy storage technologies on the network.